Knowledge Base Now Lifestyle,Personal Development What is Personality development? Core theories and ways to build your Personality

What is Personality development? Core theories and ways to build your Personality

Personality development

We as human beings react and interact with others. Every individual has a unique personality. Your personality reflects how you think, how you feel and how you behave. It is a combination of one’s habits, traits, ideas and attitudes that influence motivation and emotion.

Personality includes cognitive and behavioural patterns in addition to your inborn characteristics. The key to building a good personality is to regulate or gain control over your temperament. Character is an important aspect of personality. With inherited traits and early childhood experiences, the character is formed. As we all grow, so does our experience. This change throughout life constantly influences our personality.

Key theories behind our personality development

It is important for us to understand how we build a personality, what is the need and what factors influence us in this process.

Freud’s stages of psychosexual development

In the arena of personal development, Sigmund Freud is one of the most famous yet the most controversial thinkers of this century with his very well-known stage theory of psychosexual development. He explains how the id, ego and super-ego influence and contribute to one’s personality development.

Piaget’s stages of cognitive development

Despite falling prey to constant criticism, Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development is one of the most significant breakthroughs with its core idea that children think differently than adults.  

Erikson’s stages of psychosexual development

Based on this eight-stage theory of human development, Erik Erikson walks you through a crisis and skill mastery to overcome your struggles in life. Unlike Freud’s theory, Erikson’s extends beyond childhood to add value at various development stages across your entire lifespan.

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

In a triangle shape, with the most important things or basic needs lying at the bottom and gradually narrowing upwards towards one’s growth and self-awareness is Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. The triangle comprises 5 layers. They are physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem and self-actualization.

The colour code personality profile

Dr. Taylor Hartman invented the colour code personality profile which is also a people code or colour code during his Mormon mission. According to this study, people are classified into 4 different colours. Take your test here to know which colour you are.


Red ones are the power wielders.  They bring vision and leadership to groups. They are responsible, decisive and assertive and proactive.


Blue ones enjoy the thought of giving. They are very loyal, thoughtful and sincere. Their qualities like adding quality and service to people around are their nature in creating intimacy, establishing relationships, identifying purpose to life.


People belonging to this group are peacekeepers. Their motivation lies in establishing peace and a no-conflict zone. They are kind, patient and adaptable. White people depict clarity and tolerance.


These are fun-loving people. Living the moment or doing things for the sake of doing them drives them. They bring enthusiasm and optimism to groups. Qualities like charisma, spontaneity and sociability make Yellow people.

This assessment is the most accurate, comprehensive and easy to use personality test that is ever available.

Read to know more about our article Why invest in personal development? 10 proven ways to boost your career

Personality colors
Source: Colour code personality profile by Taylor Hartman

Types of personality

From a holistic view, human beings are largely classified into introverts and extroverts but there is another hidden category where the majority of mankind lies, that is called ambivert or omnivert. This class of personality shows traits from the introverts and extroverts equally.

According to a study published in Natural human behaviour, there are 4 main types of personalities based on traits like agreeableness, contentiousness, extraversion, neuroticism and openness.

Self-centred: Although these people score a great deal in extraversion, they rank extremely low in openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness.

Average: People with high extraversion and neuroticism who lack openness are referred to as average. These are the most common type of people you find.

Reserved: Introverted, agreeable and conscientious people who are not open or neurotic but are emotionally stable belong to this category.

Role-model: These people have low levels of neuroticism with a combination of high levels of agreeableness, extraversion, openness and conscientiousness. These people give room to new ideas and are highly reliable.

You might have already observed that teenagers manifest self-centred personalities whereas older people form a considerable group of role models. We people evolve over time. Hence, personality isn’t static. People who are curious to know which category they fall under may check to know themselves better through this test conducted by the Sapa project.  

To grow yourself, start from knowing yourself

It is never late to be who you might have been

-George Eliot

Personality development at Prismatix and tips to develop your skills

Feel confident in your own skin. Try to appreciate good qualities in others and learn to cultivate those abilities in you, with a growth mindset. Build skills like optimism, extroversion, wisdom, happiness, positivity and resilience. Never let negativity such as shame, anger, greed or jealousy prevail in you for long. Learn to drop grudges and forgive easily.

Prismatix consultancy services can help you in personal coaching and development programs. From leadership to communication, Prismatix guides you through the art of winning or influencing people. Skills like how to be warm and approachable, how to focus, how to get out of your comfort zone and so on help you build your career. These help you in building a positive personality that is appreciated by everyone around you.

Read to know more about our article – What is the significance of a logo in branding?

Image source: Unsplash